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Think,Befor We Act

/ساعتی در خود نگر تا كیستی/ از كجائی وز چه جائی چیستی/ در جهان بهر چه عمری زیستی/ جمع هستی را بزن بر نیستی

The affects of Korean War to Japan revival after WW II



Reza Kiani Movahed

WW II was finished in 14th August 1945 when Japan surrendered. But this point isn’t completely true. The truth is in this day conflicts ended, however official peace treaty was signed between allies & Japan just 6 years next in 8th September 1951. Why the peace treaty was signed too late?

The truth is after Japan defeating The U.S didn’t trust to Japanese & decided to weaken this country and take Japan under pressure in order to stop the people and politician`s eminent.. The point that everyone know is based on the constitution were Americans have been written Japan was disqualified for having an army. But this point is hidden from public that Americans demolished almost all of the traditional structures in Japan. That

Before WW II some economic trusts named 'Zaibatsu' were the real governor of Japan. The U.s dissolved Zaibatsu after WW II to repress Japanese traditional noblesses & to prevent people to communism. Foundries & shipyards shut & the output of the power plants was reduced critically. Labors protected by law & they could join the syndicates. Syndicalism was a crime before WW II in Japan.

Reforms expanded to agronomy after industrial reforms. Landholders lost their farms & the large farms divided between farmers. Then middle class people expanded. Some reforms did in education in order to protect children against 'knighthood spirit'[i]. American education replaced Japanese system & schools became coeducation.

On the other hand, in the 1930's communism was spread in Japan & there was the fear of more spreading of communism after WW II because of the bad economic situation. Chiang Kai-shek defeating by Mao's communists alarmed the U.S politicians. In 1948 Secretary Dean Acheson focused on industrial & economy recovery of Japan preventing to fall this country to the communism block.

Surprising Kim Il Song invasion to South Korea in June 1950 obsessed Americans more than before. The U.s & its allies landed their forces in the Korean peninsula in order to help South Korea by the U.N permission but the interference of China ruined the U.S programs.

American efforts to communism repression in the Far East forced them to band with their ex-enemy Japan. Far distance between the U.S & battleground caused their strategists looked for a suitable bridgehead in the Far East as a foothold & that foothold was not except Japan. In that era Japan has been sunk in the inflation & dissent with broken economy. So Americans decided to recover Japan economy in the first step until Japan could stand on its feet. First negotiations between the U.s & Japan began in 1950 by John Foster Dulles' initiative & in the next September Japan & 47 allies signed the treaty of Sun Francisco. In the same day Secretary Dean Acheson & Prime Minister Yoshida Shigeru, Japan prime minister, signed U.S.-Japanese Security Treaty. This pact allowed Americans to hold their troops in Japan & guaranteed defending Japan. Next year allied left Japan officially & Japan joined to the U.N.

Security pact gave this chance to Japan to come back to the industrial countries club. Japan became not only the U.S ally but also its storage & logistic center in the Far East. Economic trusts revived as the new name 'Keiretsu' in order to start the Japan recovery. U.s army contracted Japanese industries to supply their troops in Korea. Korean War began in the June 1950 & in the next month balance of trade became positive for the first time after WW II for Japanese. In 1951 Japan reserves in the American banks exceeded to 400 million $.

Korean War affected shipyard & shipping companies directly. Japanese ships brought troops & goods to Korea. Japan had 1546 tones ship that could use them for American campaign. Japanese shipyards revived after beginning Korean War & the first Japanese ship built after WW II berth in New York in February 1951. In the March Japan had 108 ocean liner (630000 tones) & 241 another type of the ships (1548000 tones). In this year negotiations began for their fishing rights. In 1951 Japanese fishers gained 4 million tones. Korean War requirements caused Japanese shipyards recovered as soon as possible & Japan became the first country in this field some years next.

Until 1954 Japanese defense industries have been sold 3 billion $ goods to the U.S & 27% of their export belong to the U.S. 2 years after beginning the war Indices of All Industry Activity  (1934-36=100) exceeded to 144% & grown 5% relative 1 year ago. Foreign soldiers' peregrination (for rest & medication) in Japan was a foreign exchange source. In 1951 it estimated that American troops spent 297 million $ in Japan.

 By the way, we can say that Korean War played 'Marshal Plan' role for Japanese. The U.S agreement to join Japan to the GOTH had best effect on Japan economy situation. Far East, mainly China, was the first market for Japan before WW II. But China joining to communism block caused Japan lost his chance as the first foreign partner & Japan forced to find another market. So Japanese melted in the global economy. Korean War ended while Japan became the first economic power in the Far East & started its economy miracle.

Persian version 

[i] -Bushido in Japanese term

دولت انقلابی عراق !!!! خط مقدم مقابله با اسرائیل

آخرین تفسیر از اوضاع خاورمیانه. کاملا بدون شرح

یادداشتهای من درباره ی دموکراسی؛ قسمت دوازدهم

دوستان اگر به خاطر داشته باشند سال پیش در چنین ایامی یادداشتهایی درباره ی دموکراسی در اینجا گذاشتیم که متاسفانه به دلیل کثرت مشغله ناتمام ماندند. امروز برای تکمیل بحث قسمتهایی از مصاحبه های حضرت آیت الله العظمی خمینی ،بنیانگذار کبیر انقلاب اسلامی، را که مربوط به دموکراسی دینی هستند به عنوان شاهد ارائه می کنیم. آشکار است که این جملات داهیانه بهترین توضیح و تفسیر و توشیح درباره ی "دموکراسی دینی" می باشند.

-«اسلام بزرگ تمام تبعیض ها را محکوم نموده و برای هیچ گروهی ویژگی خاصی قرار نداده، و تقوا و تعهد به اسلام، تنها کرامت انسانها است و در پناه اسلام و جمهوری اسلامی حق اداره امور داخلی و محلی و رفع هرگونه تبعیض فرهنگی و اقتصادی و سیاسی متعلق به تمام قشرهای ملت است»./ صحیفه امام، ج 11، ص 56 پیام به خواهران و برادران کرد 26/8/58.

 

-«اسلام آمده است که بگوید همه نژادها با هم اند، هیچ کدام بر هیچ کدام تفوق ندارند، نه عرب بر عجم و نه عجم بر عرب و نه ترک بر هیچ یک از اینها و نه هیچ نژادی بر دیگری و نه سفید بر سیاه و نه سیاه بر سفید، هیچ کدام بر دیگری فضلیت ندارند. »/صحیفه امام، ج 13، ص 88، سخنرانی درجمع اعضای کنگره آزادی قدس 18/5/59 .

 

"حقوق مردم خصوصا اقلیتهای مذهبی محترم بوده و رعایت‏ خواهد شد... نه به كسی ظلم می‏ كنیم و نه زیر بار ظلم می‏ رویم."./مصاحبه با خبرنگار رادیو - تلویزیون اتریش در نوفل لوشاتو 10 آبان 1357 / 29 ذى القعده 1398/ صفحه 33-34 تبیان ج 4 و همچنین صحیفه نور ج 2، ص 160.

 


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Wars & History
رضا کیانی موحد - محمدحسین پاز
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